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Kapurthala is a city in Punjab state of India. It is the administrative headquarters of Kapurthala District. It was the capital of the Kapurthala State, a princely state in British India. The secular and aesthetic mix of the city with its prominent buildings based on French and Indo-Saracenic architecture self-narrate its princely past. It is also known as city of Palaces & Gardens.


The princely state in British India and the aesthetic plus religious blend of the buildings present then and till date managed to give lifetime recognition and honor whenever we hear the name "The Paris Of Punjab" and "The City Of Palaces" ; Kapurthala, not only a city in Punjab; state of India, but currently the administrative headquarters of Kapurthala District and once upon a time the capital of the Kapurthala State, a princely state in British India has its name derived from its founder Rana Kapur who was a descendant from a notable family andthe ruling house of Jaisalmer (Rajasthan), however now the present royal family of Kapurthala is descended from Nawab Jassa Singh Ahluwalia.

The religious blend and aesthetic mixture of glimpses include: Elysee palace now converted to MGN public school, Moorish Mosque whose construction was commissioned by the last ruler of Kapurthala, Maharajah Jagatjit Singh which took 13 years to complete between 1917 and 1930, Jagatjit Club, the elegant building situated in the heart of the city, Shalimar Gardens Shalimar Gardens which are situated in roughly the centre of the city and provide an escape from the hustle-bustle of the city, Panch Mandir (Five Temples) Panch Mandir of Kapurthala is a place of reverence for all faiths, The State Gurdwara The large and imposing red sandstone building (now painted white) of the State Gurudwara was consecrated in 1915. Built in the Indo- Saracenic style, it has vast expanses of marble haloed by the feet of the hundreds of devotees, Kanjli Wetlands and many more. Education is the darkness from darkness to light."-Allan bloom Education institutions include There are 333+ Schools in Kapurthala District

Rail Coach Factory

Kapurthala boasts of having one of the most innovative large scale hi-tech manufacturing units dedicated for production of railway carriages for Indian Railways. Popularly known as RCF, the Rail Coach Factory was established in 1986 by the Government of India and has been important to the district's economy. RCF is located in a serene and green environment and is ISO 14001 certified.

Villages in Kapurthala District

According to census of 2001 there are 618 Villages in Kapurthala District. Kapurthala district itself is divided into 4 sub districts

  • Kapurthala
  • Phagwara
  • Sultanpur Lodhi
  • Bhulath

In films

The film 'Tanu weds Manu' had some scenes shot in Kapurthala city of Punjab.


Kapurthala is the birthplace of the renowned Urdu Poet, Mehr Lal Soni Zia Fatehabadi